This is your one stop shop on learning the new formulas in Excel 2019: **CONCAT, IFS, MAXIFS, MINIFS, SWITCH and TEXTJOIN!**

**Want to Master the New Formulas in Excel 2019?**

**Want to Master the New Formulas in Excel 2019?**

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# CONCAT FORMULA

**What does it do?**

Concatenates a list together without a delimiter

**Formula breakdown:**

=CONCAT(text1, [text2], …)

**What it means:**

=CONCAT(first text to combine, [second text to combine], …)

Do you want to combine text or a range of cells together easily? The **CONCAT Formula **in Excel will do this for you in a flash! The **CONCAT Formula **was introduced in Excel 2019.

It will simply combine the text you specify together into a single text.

I explain how you can do this below:

**STEP 1:** We need to **enter the CONCAT function in a blank cell**:

## =CONCAT(

**STEP 2:** The **CONCAT **arguments:

**text1, …**

**text1, …**

**Which cells do you want to combine together?**

*Select the range of cells that you want to combine together*

## =CONCAT(C9:E9)

Apply the same formula to the rest of the cells by dragging the lower right corner downwards.

You now have your combined text!

**How to Use the CONCAT Formula in Excel**

# IFS FORMULA

**What does it do?**

Checks multiple conditions and returns the value of the first TRUE condition

**Formula breakdown:**

=IFS(logical_test1, value_if_true1, [logical_test2, value_if_true2], …)

**What it means:**

=IFS(first condition to check, value to return, [succeeding conditions to check], …)

If you have multiple logical conditions to check, instead of creating Nested IF Formulas, we can use **Excel’s IFS Formula!** It allows us to specify multiple conditions to check, then the **IFS Formula** will look for the first condition that gets satisfied!

Let us try it out on a simple tax table, then we will create an **IFS Formula** that will simulate the exact same logic of the table!

I explain how you can do this below:

**STEP 1:** We need to **enter the IFS function in a blank cell**:

## =IFS(

**STEP 2:** The **IFS **arguments:

**logical_test1, value_if_true1**

**logical_test1, value_if_true1**

**What is the first condition and value to return if the condition is met?**

*Let us start from the minimum value of the tax table. If the income is less than $8456, then the tax rate is 13%*

## =IFS(G8<8456, 13%,

**logical_test2, value_if_true2**

**logical_test2, value_if_true2**

**What is the second condition and value to return if the condition is met?**

*Going to the second row, if the income is less than $15874, then the tax rate is 18%*

## =IFS(G8<8456, 13%, G8<15874, 18%,

**logical_test3, value_if_true3**

**logical_test3, value_if_true3**

**What is the third condition and value to return if the condition is met?**

*Going to the last row, if the income is greater than or equal to $15874, then the tax rate is 22%*

## =IFS(G8<8456, 13%, G8<15874, 18%, G8>=15874, 22%)

You now have your correct tax rate!

**How to Use the IFS Formula in Excel**

# MAXIFS FORMULA

**What does it do?**

Gets the max value based on the cells that matches the criteria

**Formula breakdown:**

=MAXIFS(max_range, criteria_range1, criteria1, …)

**What it means:**

=MAXIFS(cells that contains the values, first set of cells to base the filtering on, filtering condition of first set of cells, …)

If you need to get the max value while doing filtering at the same time, the **MAXIFS Formula** will do this for you in Excel! This was introduced in Excel 2019.

You need to specify on which ones you want to get the MAX value, then specify one or more conditions used for filtering. In our example, we want to get the maximum sales of John!

I explain how you can do this below:

**STEP 1:** We need to **enter the MAXIFS function in a blank cell**:

## =MAXIFS(

**STEP 2:** The **MAXIFS **arguments:

**max_range**

**max_range**

**What is the range that contains the values to get the max value?**

*Select the cells containing the sales numbers that you want to get the maximum value from:*

## =MAXIFS(D9:D13,

**criteria_range1**

**criteria_range1**

**What is the range that contains the values for filtering?**

*Select the cells containing the sales person names:*

## =MAXIFS(D9:D13, C9:C13,

**criteria1**

**criteria1**

**What is the your filtering criteria?**

*Since we want to filter to the sales numbers of John, type in John:*

## =MAXIFS(D9:D13, C9:C13, “John”)

You now have John’s highest sales number!

**How to Use the MAXIFS Formula in Excel**

# MINIFS FORMULA

**What does it do?**

Gets the minimum value based on the cells that matches the criteria

**Formula breakdown:**

=MINIFS(min_range, criteria_range1, criteria1, …)

**What it means:**

=MINIFS(cells that contains the values, first set of cells to base the filtering on, filtering condition of first set of cells, …)

If you need to get the minimum value while doing filtering at the same time, the **MINIFS Formula** will do this for you in Excel! This was introduced in Excel 2019.

You need to specify on which ones you want to get the MIN value, then specify one or more conditions used for filtering. In our example, we want to get the minimum sales of John!

I explain how you can do this below:

**STEP 1:** We need to **enter the MINIFS function in a blank cell**:

## =MINIFS(

**STEP 2:** The **MINIFS **arguments:

**min_range**

**min_range**

**What is the range that contains the values to get the min value?**

*Select the cells containing the sales numbers that you want to get the minimum value from:*

## =MINIFS(D9:D13,

**criteria_range1**

**criteria_range1**

**What is the range that contains the values for filtering?**

*Select the cells containing the sales person names:*

## =MINIFS(D9:D13, C9:C13,

**criteria1**

**criteria1**

**What is the your filtering criteria?**

*Since we want to filter to the sales numbers of John, type in John:*

## =MINIFS(D9:D13, C9:C13, “John”)

You now have John’s lowest sales number!

**How to Use the MINIFS Formula in Excel**

# SWITCH FORMULA

**What does it do?**

Matches multiple values and returns the first value that has a match

**Formula breakdown:**

=SWITCH(expression, value1, result1, [value2 / default, result2], …)

**What it means:**

=SWITCH(value to check, value to match against, result to return, [succeeding values to match or the default value if nothing gets matched], …)

If you have multiple values to check, we can use **Excel’s SWITCH Formula!** It allows us to specify multiple values to check, then the **SWITCH Formula** will look for the first value that gets matched!

Let us try it out on a simple ratings table (e.g. 1 = Bad, 2 = Average, 3 = Great), then we will create a **SWITCH Formula** that will simulate the exact same logic of the table!

I explain how you can do this below:

**STEP 1:** We need to **enter the SWITCH function in a blank cell**:

## =SWITCH(

**STEP 2:** The **SWITCH **arguments:

**expression**

**expression**

**What is the value to check?**

*Select the cell containing the rating that you want to translate to the correct description*

## =SWITCH(G8,

**value1, result1**

**value1, result1**

**What is the first lookup value and value to return if it is matched?**

*Let us start from the first value of the rating table. If the value is 1, then the description is “Bad”*

## =SWITCH(G8, 1, “Bad”

**value2, result2**

**value2, result2**

**What is the second lookup value and value to return if it is matched?**

*Let us start from the second value of the rating table. If the value is 2, then the description is “Average”*

## =SWITCH(G8, 1, “Bad”, 2, “Average”,

**value3, result3**

**value3, result3**

**What is the third lookup value and value to return if it is matched?**

*Let us start from the third value of the rating table. If the value is 3, then the description is “Great”*

## =SWITCH(G8, 1, “Bad”, 2, “Average”, 3, “Great”,

**default**

**default**

**What is the default value to return if nothing gets matched?**

*We want to show the value “Unknown”, if an unknown rating is specified.*

## =SWITCH(G8, 1, “Bad”, 2, “Average”, 3, “Great”, “Unknown”)

You now have your correct rating description!

Let us try an unknown rating (40) and see the resulting description:

**How to Use the SWITCH Formula in Excel**

# TEXTJOIN FORMULA

**What does it do?**

Concatenates a list with a specified delimiter

**Formula breakdown:**

=TEXTJOIN(delimiter, ignore_empty, text1, …)

**What it means:**

=TEXTJOIN(the delimiter, ignore empty cells in combining text, first text/range to combine, …)

Do you want to combine text or a range of cells together easily? The **TEXTJOIN Formula **in Excel will do this for you in a flash! The **TEXTJOIN Formula **was introduced in Excel 2019.

It can even let you specify a **delimiter** to use to combine the text together and **ignore empty cells** for you!

I explain how you can do this below:

**STEP 1:** We need to **enter the TEXTJOIN function in a blank cell**:

## =TEXTJOIN(

**STEP 2:** The **TEXTJOIN **arguments:

**delimiter**

**delimiter**

**What is the delimiter to use in combining the text?**

*We want to have the text combined together and separated by a comma:*

## =TEXTJOIN(“,”,

**ignore_empty**

**ignore_empty**

**Do you want to ignore the empty cells?**

*Let us set this to TRUE to ignore the empty cells when combining them together:*

## =TEXTJOIN(“,”, TRUE,

**text1, …**

**text1, …**

**Which cells do you want to combine together?**

*Select the range of cells that you want to combine together*

## =TEXTJOIN(“,”, TRUE, C9:E9)

Apply the same formula to the rest of the cells by dragging the lower right corner downwards.

You now have your combined text!

**How to Use the TEXTJOIN Formula in Excel**

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