Power Query (in Excel 2010 & 2013) or Get & Transform (in Excel 2016) lets you perform a series of steps to transform your Excel data.
One of the steps it allows you to do is to split column by number of characters easily.
This is helpful when you have columns that you want to split by an equal number of characters, say ID numbers.
Let’s suppose you have the following source data below. We want to split it by 3 characters so we will have 4 parts for each ID.
Let us get to work!
STEP 1: Select your data and turn it into an Excel Table by pressing the shortcut Ctrl + T or by going to Insert > Table
STEP 2: Go to Data > Get & Transform > From Table (Excel 2016) or Power Query > Excel Data > From Table (Excel 2013 & 2010)
Excel 2013 & 2010:
STEP 3: This will open up the Power Query Editor.
Select the column you want to split.
Go to Home > Split Column > By Number of Characters
STEP 4: Select 3 for the Number of characters, Split Repeatedly and click OK.
STEP 5: Click Close & Load from the Home tab and this will open up a brand new worksheet in your Excel workbook with the updated table.
You now have your new table with the separated columns!
How to Split Column by Number of Characters in Excel