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Get Next Friday Date in Excel – Step by Step Guide

Learn to instantly calculate next Friday's date in Excel. Perfect for deadlines & planning, our guide simplifies... read more

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John Michaloudis
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Overview

Get Next Friday Date in Excel - Step by Step Guide | MyExcelOnline Get Next Friday Date in Excel - Step by Step Guide | MyExcelOnline

Efficient date calculations in Microsoft Excel are essential for data management and analysis. Determining the next occurrence of a specific day, such as Friday, is a common requirement, but it involves various methods and considerations.

Key Takeaways:

  • WEEKDAY Function Method: Utilize the WEEKDAY function along with simple arithmetic to find the next Friday date efficiently.
  • EOMONTH Function Method: Combine the EOMONTH function with WEEKDAY to navigate to the end of the current month and locate the next Friday.
  • DATE Function Method: Construct the first day of the current month using the DATE function and apply logic to determine the next Friday date.
  • Avoiding Errors: Ensure correct date formatting, account for leap years, consider the week’s start day, validate inputs, and test formulas for accuracy.

 

Introduction

In the realm of Microsoft Excel, mastering date calculations is crucial for efficient data handling and analysis. One common task is determining the next occurrence of a specific day, such as the upcoming Friday. While seemingly straightforward, there are multiple methods to achieve this in Excel, each with its own syntax and considerations.

In this comprehensive guide, we’ll explore various techniques to obtain the next Friday date with precision and efficiency. Additionally, we’ll delve into common pitfalls and errors to avoid, ensuring accurate results every time.

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Steps to Get Next Friday Date:

Method 1: Using the WEEKDAY Function

The WEEKDAY function in Excel returns the day of the week as a number (1 for Sunday, 2 for Monday, and so on). By leveraging this function along with simple arithmetic, we can calculate the number of days to add to the current date to reach the next Friday.

Syntax:

=IF(WEEKDAY(A2)<=6, A2 + (6-WEEKDAY(A2)),A2 + (6-WEEKDAY(A2)+7))

  • The WEEKDAY(TODAY()) function returns the current day of the week.
  • If the current day is on or before Friday (represented by a number less than or equal to 6), we add the difference between the current day and Friday to the current date.
  • If the current day is Saturday or Sunday, we add the difference plus 7 to ensure we get the next Friday.

Example:

If today is Sunday, May 12, 2024, the formula will return on Friday, May 17, 2024.

Next Friday Date

 

Method 2: Using EOMONTH Function

Another approach involves utilizing the EOMONTH function in conjunction with WEEKDAY. EOMONTH returns the last day of the month, allowing us to efficiently navigate to the end of the current month and find the next Friday.

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Syntax:

=EOMONTH(A2,0) + IF(WEEKDAY(EOMONTH(A2,0))<6, (6-WEEKDAY(EOMONTH(A2,0))), (6-WEEKDAY(EOMONTH(A2,0))+7))

  • EOMONTH(TODAY(),0) returns the last day of the current month.
  • We then apply a similar logic as before to find the next Friday.

Example:

If today is Wednesday, May 12, 2024, the formula will return the Friday of the next month – June 7, 2024.

Next Friday Date

 

Method 3: Using DATE Function

The DATE function allows for constructing a date from individual year, month, and day components. By combining it with the WEEKDAY function, we can determine the next Friday date from the first day of the current month.

Syntax:

=IF(WEEKDAY(DATE(YEAR(A2),MONTH(A2),1))<=6, DATE(YEAR(A2),MONTH(A2),1) + (6-WEEKDAY(DATE(YEAR(A2),MONTH(A2),1))), DATE(YEAR(A2),MONTH(A2),1) + (6-WEEKDAY(DATE(YEAR(A2),MONTH(A2),1))+7))

  • We construct the first day of the current month using the DATE function.
  • By applying a similar logic as before, we find the next Friday date.

Example:

If today is Friday, May 12, 2024, the formula will return the first Friday of the current month – May 3, 2024.

Next Friday Date

 

Avoiding Errors

  • Understanding Date Formatting: Ensure that Excel recognizes dates correctly by using proper date formats. Incorrect formatting can lead to erroneous calculations.
  • Handling Leap Years: Account for leap years when working with date calculations, especially when using functions like EOMONTH or DATE.
  • Consideration of Week Start: Be mindful of the day on which the week starts in your calculation. For instance, if your workweek starts on a day other than Sunday or Monday, adjust your formulas accordingly.
  • Check for Null Values: Validate inputs and formula results to avoid errors caused by null values or unexpected data formats.
  • Testing and Verification: Test your formulas with different dates and scenarios to ensure accuracy and reliability under various conditions.
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In conclusion, mastering date calculations in Excel empowers users to efficiently manage and manipulate date-related data. By understanding various methods and avoiding common errors, you can ensure accurate results in determining the next Friday date and similar tasks. Experiment with different formulas and techniques to find the approach that best suits your specific requirements.

 

FAQs:

Q: Can these formulas handle holidays or non-working days?

A: No, these formulas focus on determining the next Friday based on the current date. You may need additional logic to exclude holidays or non-working days from calculations.

Q: What if I need the next Friday date for a date other than today?

A: You can replace the TODAY() function with the desired date in the formulas to calculate the next Friday date from a specific date.

Q: Are there simpler alternatives to these complex formulas?

A: Yes, Excel offers simpler methods like manual addition of days or using the WEEKDAY function along with simple arithmetic for basic date calculations.

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Q: How can I incorporate time along with the next Friday date?

A: You can concatenate time values with the next Friday date using the TEXT function or use the DATEVALUE function to combine date and time values.

Q: Can these formulas be adapted for other weekdays?

A: Yes, you can modify the formulas by adjusting the weekday number (e.g., changing 6 to another number representing the desired weekday) to calculate the next occurrence of any specific weekday.

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Get Next Friday Date in Excel - Step by Step Guide | MyExcelOnline Get Next Friday Date in Excel - Step by Step Guide | MyExcelOnline
Founder & Chief Inspirational Officer at MyExcelOnline.com

John Michaloudis is a former accountant and finance analyst at General Electric, a Microsoft MVP since 2020, an Amazon #1 bestselling author of 4 Microsoft Excel books and teacher of Microsoft Excel & Office over at his flagship Academy Online Course.

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