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How to Use VBA IF And (Test Multiple Conditions) in Excel

Visual Basic for Applications (VBA) is a powerful programming language widely used for automating tasks in Excel.... read more

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John Michaloudis
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Overview

How to Use VBA IF And (Test Multiple Conditions) in Excel | MyExcelOnline How to Use VBA IF And (Test Multiple Conditions) in Excel | MyExcelOnline

Visual Basic for Applications (VBA) is a powerful programming language widely used for automating tasks in Excel. One of the most used statements in this programming language is IF. The IF statement is used to test a condition and allows you to decide based on that condition in your code.

When you need to evaluate multiple conditions, combining VBA IF And becomes essential for efficient and readable code. Let’s dive in to understand it better.

Download the Excel Workbook below to follow along and understand How to Use VBA IF And in Excel – download excel workbookVBA-IF-AND.xlsm

 

Introduction to VBA IF And

In Visual Basic for Applications (VBA), the IF statement can be used to make decisions in your code based on a specified condition. The basic syntax of an IF statement in VBA is as follows:

If condition Then
' Code to be executed if the condition is true
Else
' Code to be executed if the condition is false
End If

The AND function in Excel is an in-built tool that can be used to evaluate two or more conditions. It yields a TRUE result only if all the conditions are true; otherwise, it returns FALSE when at least one condition is false.

When dealing with multiple conditions in an IF statement, you can use logical operators such as And to combine those conditions. The syntax for VBA IF And will be –

If condition1 And condition2 Then
' Code to be executed if both condition1 and condition2 are true
Else
' Code to be executed if at least one of the conditions is false
End If

 

Example of VBA IF And

Suppose you need to check if the project manager is eligible for a commission or not based on 2 conditions –

  • Project Status is Completed
  • Project Income is greater than $30,000

If both conditions are true, the manager is rewarded with a commission and if even 1 condition is not met, the commission will not be rewarded.

Let us use VBA IF And statement to check these conditions and provide a result. Follow the steps below to achieve the same –

STEP 1: Go to the Developer tab > VBA.

How to Use VBA IF And (Test Multiple Conditions) in Excel

STEP 2: In the Microsoft Visual Basic for Applications window, go to Insert > Module.

How to Use VBA IF And (Test Multiple Conditions) in Excel

STEP 3: Start the sub procedure.

How to Use VBA IF And (Test Multiple Conditions) in Excel

STEP 4: To start the logical test, insert the IF statement with the 1st condition i.e. B1 = Completed.

How to Use VBA IF And (Test Multiple Conditions) in Excel

STEP 5: Insert the AND operator.

How to Use VBA IF And (Test Multiple Conditions) in Excel

STEP 6: Enter the 2nd condition i.e. B2 > 30000.

How to Use VBA IF And (Test Multiple Conditions) in Excel

STEP 7: Enter the action that needs to be performed if both statements are correct. Here, you want to display the message – “Commission earned”.

How to Use VBA IF And (Test Multiple Conditions) in Excel

STEP 8: Enter the action that needs to be performed if one of the statements is incorrect. Here, you want to display the message – “No Commission”.

How to Use VBA IF And (Test Multiple Conditions) in Excel

STEP 9: Enter END IF.

How to Use VBA IF And (Test Multiple Conditions) in Excel

STEP 10: Press Ctrl + S to save the module.

STEP 11: In the dialog box, select No to save the file as a macro-enabled workbook.

How to Use VBA IF And (Test Multiple Conditions) in Excel

STEP 12: In the Save As dialog box, select Excel Macro-Enabled Workbook. Press Save.

How to Use VBA IF And (Test Multiple Conditions) in Excel

STEP 13: Go to Developer Tab > Macro.

How to Use VBA IF And (Test Multiple Conditions) in Excel

STEP 14: In the Macro dialog box, select the Macro Name – Commission, and press Run.

How to Use VBA IF And (Test Multiple Conditions) in Excel

The message “Commission Earned!” will be displayed as both conditions are met i.e. project status is completed and income is greater than 30,000.

How to Use VBA IF And (Test Multiple Conditions) in Excel

If you change the project status to “In Progess” and income to 75,000 run the macro again, the message “No Commission” will be displayed. This is because one of the conditions i.e. project status is not met.

How to Use VBA IF And (Test Multiple Conditions) in Excel

In this way, you can easily combine two or more conditions in an IF statement by using the AND operator in VBA.

 

Conclusion

Visual Basic for Applications (VBA) is a programming language widely employed for automating Excel tasks, with the IF statement being a crucial tool for decision-making based on specified conditions. By using logical operators like And, complex conditions can be combined into IF statements, enhancing the flexibility and effectiveness of VBA macros in Excel automation.

Click here to learn more about IF statements in VBA.

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How to Use VBA IF And (Test Multiple Conditions) in Excel | MyExcelOnline How to Use VBA IF And (Test Multiple Conditions) in Excel | MyExcelOnline
Founder & Chief Inspirational Officer at

John Michaloudis is a former accountant and finance analyst at General Electric, a Microsoft MVP since 2020, an Amazon #1 bestselling author of 4 Microsoft Excel books and teacher of Microsoft Excel & Office over at his flagship MyExcelOnline Academy Online Course.

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