# How to Use the IF Function in Excel – The Easy Way

The IF function in Excel is a game-changer when it comes to making decisions based on data.... read more

## Overview

The IF function in Excel is a game-changer when it comes to making decisions based on data. This flexible feature allows you to execute various actions based on conditions you specify. In this article, we will go over the IF functionâ€™s basic purpose, syntax, and present detailed examples to help you master this essential formula!

Letâ€™s dive into these methods in detail –

Download the Excel Workbook below to follow along and understand how to use the IF function in Excel â€“

The Purpose of the IF Function

The IF function evaluates a specified condition and returns one value if the condition is TRUE and another value if the condition is FALSE. This function is guaranteed to save you time, automating decisions within your spreadsheet and enhancing your data analysis capabilities.

IF Function Syntax

The basic syntax of the IF function is as follows:

=IF(logical_test, value_if_true, value_if_false)

logical_test: Asks a question to Excel, and it can only be answered with a “yes” (TRUE) or “no” (FALSE). It’s like asking, â€śDid the student pass?â€ť

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value_if_true: If the answer to your question (logical_test) is “yes” (TRUE), this is what Excel does. It’s like saying, “If the student passed, indicate with PASS.”

value_if_false: If the answer is “no” (FALSE), this is what Excel does. It’s like saying, “If it the student did not pass, indicate with FAIL.”

Logical tests are the core of the IF function. These tests involve comparisons that evaluate to either TRUE or FALSE. Excel offers a range of logical operators, including equal to (=), greater than (>), less than (<), and not equal to (<>), among others.

Example: IF Function (Equal To)

Imagine you have a dataset of test products, and you want to check if the product is blue. You can achieve this using the IF function:

Select cell E2

Enter the formula =IF(B2=â€śBlueâ€ť,â€ťYesâ€ť,â€ťNoâ€ť)

Double-click or drag down the square on the lower right-hand corner to apply the formula to the rest of the rows below.

As you can see, the IF function has identified all the blue test products.

Example: IF Function (Greater Than)

Suppose you want to find out which test products did well in sales. You can use the IF function to determine which products trended with the sample market. The function will return with â€śYesâ€ť or â€śNoâ€ť.

Select cell E2

Enter the formula =IF(D2>100,â€ťYesâ€ť,â€ťNoâ€ť)

Double-click or drag down the square on the lower right-hand corner to apply the formula to the rest of the rows below.

As you can see, the IF function has identified all the products that did well in the testing.

This formula checks if the sales amount in cell C2 is greater than 100. If true, it returns “Yes”; otherwise, it returns “No”.

Example: Automated Birthday Greeting

Letâ€™s say we want to determine if a company should send a birthday greeting to an employee based on their birth date using the IF function. This is how to do it:

You have a data sheet with employees’ names in column A and their birth dates in column B.

Column C for Greetings: In column C, you can create a new column where you’ll put the results â€“ whether a birthday greeting should be sent or not.

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Select cell C2

Enter the formula:=IF(DATE(YEAR(TODAY()),MONTH(B2),DAY(B2))=TODAY(), “Send Greeting”, “No Greeting”)

Double-click or drag down the square on the lower right-hand corner to apply the formula to the rest of the rows below.

As you can see, the IF function has identified the employee that will get a birthday greeting for that day. This formula is dynamic, meaning it adjusts as time changes.

This is what this formula does:

• `YEAR(TODAY())` gives you the current year.
• `MONTH(B2)` gives you the birth month of the employee.
• `DAY(B2)` gives you the birth day of the employee.
• `DATE(YEAR(TODAY()),MONTH(B2),DAY(B2))` creates a date using the current year and the birth month and day.

The formula checks if this newly formed date matches today’s date (TODAY()). When there’s a match, it displays “Send Greeting,” signaling that the employee’s birthday is today. If there’s no match, it shows “No Greeting,” indicating that it’s not the employee’s birthday.

Conclusion

There you have it! By understanding the practical application of the IF function, you’ll be equipped to make dynamic decisions within your Excel spreadsheets. Whether you’re working with numbers, grades, or any other dataset, the IF function empowers you to automate and enhance your data analysis, saving you time and reducing the likelihood of errors.

Further Learning:

##### John Michaloudis
Founder & Chief Inspirational Officer at MyExcelOnline.com

John Michaloudis is a former accountant and finance analyst at General Electric, a Microsoft MVP since 2020, an Amazon #1 bestselling author of 4 Microsoft Excel books and teacher of Microsoft Excel & Office over at his flagship Academy Online Course.