What does it do?

It returns a reference to a range, from a starting point to a specified number of rows, columns, height and width of cells

Formula breakdown:

=OFFSET(reference, rows, columns, [height], [width])

What it means:

=OFFSET(start in this cell, go up/down a number of rows, go left/right a number of columns, height of range, width of range)

The OFFSET function in Excel is one of the Lookup functions and is great if you want to reference a range of cells and use that reference to do a calculation.

Click here to see how the formula works visually & interactively 

Sometimes we have a list that we enter our daily sales into and want to show the last transactional value entered.  This can be used to highlight the latest sales value in a Dashboard or daily metrics report.

This is what I am going to show you in this tutorial below:


STEP 1: We need to enter the Offset function



STEP 2: 1st Offset argument – Where do we want to to start our reference?

This is at the start of the Daily Sales list:


1st argumenmt


STEP 3: 2nd Offset argument – How many Rows down do we want to go?

This is where the COUNT function is used to count how many transactions we have in our list and go down by that amount.

So as we are starting at cell D11, we are going to go down 11 cells ( COUNTA(D11:D1000) ) and we end up after the last cell with a value.

NB: It is always a good idea to enter an ending range that is more than your last data cell.  That way as your new data get entered, we will be sure to capture it!

=OFFSET(D11, COUNT(D11:D1000)

2nd argument

STEP 4: How many of the last sales transactions do we want to Sum?  1

So we need to take away 1 from the COUNT formula which means that our Offset function will go up by 1 cell:

=OFFSET(D11, COUNT(D11:D1000)-1,

2nd argument less 1

STEP 5: 3rd Offset argument – How many Columns to the right/left do we want to move?

We do not want to move to any Columns, so we simply enter 0

=OFFSET(D11, COUNT(D11:D1000)-1,0,


STEP 6: 4th Offset argument – How High do we want our referenced data to be?

Since we want to show the last transaction, then we need the [height] to be 1 cells high:

=OFFSET(D11, COUNT(D11:D1000)-1,0,1,

4th argument

STEP 7: 5th Offset argument – How Wide do we want our referenced data to be?

We want to reference 1 Column only, so we need to enter 1 for the [width]

=OFFSET(D11, COUNT(D11:D1000)-1,0,1,1))

5th argument

As we can see the Sum of the last transaction from our example is $6,810.

offset answer

If we add more transactions at the bottom of our Sales list then it it automatically return us the last transaction, without the need to update the formula 🙂

offset answer 2

Offset - Last Value in a Column


How to Combine VLOOKUP and IFERROR to Replace the #N/A Error in Excel

If you like this Excel tip, please share itEmail this to someone


Pin on Pinterest


Share on Facebook


Tweet about this on Twitter


Share on LinkedIn


Share on Google+


Related Posts

Advanced SUMPRODUCT Function: Conditional Sum Another great way that you can use the SUMPRODUCT function is to create a conditional sum criteria. For example, you may want to find out how much sales were made above the $3,000 transactional level.  See how easy it is with this quick SUMPRODUCT example. DOWNLOAD WORKBOOK...
DATEDIF function: Introduction The DATEDIF function is a mystery function within Excel.  When you write it out in a workbook it doesn't give you any hints like other functions would and if you look it up in the function list you would not find it! Creepy... The DATEDIF function stands for "date difference" ...
SUMIF Function: Introduction The SUMIF function is used widely amongst spreadsheet users as it is a simple Excel function.  It allows you to Sum the values in a range that meet a criteria that you specify. So if you want to Sum a range of sales values that are above $3,000 then this is the best Excel func...
Excel´s EndOfMonth function The EOMONTH (EndOfMonth) function in Excel is one that most people do not use because they just don't know that it exists. It is a great Excel function to use if you want to see when the month end date is from a current date's value. So if you have sales reps who make a sal...