The VLOOKUP formula searches for a value in the first column of an array and returns a value to the right of that array.

How about if you wanted to return a value to the left hand side of that array?

Well, this is where the INDEX-MATCH formula comes in and gives you a helping hand!

It searches the row position of a value/text in one column (using the MATCH function) and returns the value/text in the same row position from another column to the left or right (using the INDEX function).

Formula breakdown: INDEX(array, MATCH(lookup_value, lookup_array, [match_type])
What it means: INDEX(return the value/text, MATCH(from the row position of this value/text))

 

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Index-Match - Intro

HELPFUL RESOURCE:

http://www.eleventothree.com/excel/using-index-match/

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